By Judith Kasiva | Monday Jan 7, 2019
What are the main health and safety concerns in a lithographic printing press? A study conducted in Nairobi seeks to provide some answers. The study conducted in a printing press located in one of the busy industrial areas in Nairobi County in Kenya aimed at identifying the hazards present, as well as assessing the adequacy and effectiveness of the current control measures. The study also recommends appropriate cost effective remedial actions.
The researcher examined the workplace OSH management system, systematic inspection of all the section activities, and held discussions with some members of staff at the premises. The findings were compared with the provisions of HSE, ILO-OSH, Occupational Safety and Health Act, (OSHA) 2007 and the health and safety regulations made under the Act.
Summary of the main findings
The inspection revealed that the workplace had invested in safety and health by establishing systems to facilitate the management of the safety and health function at the workplace. The safety and health conditions at various sections of the workplace were good. However, some areas did not meet compliance standards. Some of these areas are summarized below.
- Most of the machines used in the operations sector had some of the moving parts not covered. This exposes the workers to various hazards that could cause bodily injuries.
- During the peak working hours of the day, the workplace environment became uncomfortable due to inadequate ventilation.
- The housekeeping was wanting since some of the pathways were obstructed by piles of ink containers and accumulation of waste paper rubbish within the operations area.
- The level of fire safety was not up to par in relation to the number of powered machines used and the materials handled.
- The ergonomic state was below par which exposed workers to health hazards such as back injuries & back pain
- The workforce were not provide with adequate PPE.
Summary of the recommendations
- Ensure the current controls are effectively functioning and provide adjustable guards for the moving parts that are completely exposed.
- Provide adequate ventilation at the workstations at all times.
- Ensure proper housekeeping is conducted to avoid unnecessary obstructions and eliminate the related hazards.
- Install automated fire detection systems and automated fire suppression system.
- Adjust the work area to be ergonomic fit for the staff by providing sits, tables, DSE and hand held tools that meet the ergonomic standards and adapt safe working systems.
- The staff should be provided with adequate PPE.