By Winnie Maina | Monday Oct 23, 2017
The Council of Ministers of Mozambique last week approved the list of dangerous work for children which is envisaged in the 1999 convention of the International Labour Organization (ILO) on the worst forms of child labour, ratified by the Mozambican Parliament, the Assembly of the Republic, in 2006.
ILO member states are obliged by the Convention obliges to take immediate and effective measures to secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour as a matter of urgency”. Work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children is also included.
In order to implement this part of the protocol, member states are obliged to draw up a list of such dangerous work, which should be regularly revised in consultations with trade unions and employers’ organizations. The government has only now, 11 years after the protocol was ratified, drawn up this list.
Comoana says some of the activities on the list include in agriculture – the driving of heavy machinery or the exposure of children to substances that can be dangerous, such as pesticides.In addition fishing, diving and the throwing of fishing nets count as activities dangerous for children.
According to a study conducted in Mozambique on child Labour, referring to the 2014-2016 period, says that about 1.1 million children are employed, 96 per cent of them in agriculture, fishing, hunting and forestry.