73 Million Children involved in Hazardous Work - ILO
3 Million children, more than half of all work in jobs that directly endanger their health, safety and moral development.
The international community at a United Nations co-organized conference in Buenos Aires, Argentina, is trying to eliminate child labour. An estimated 152 million children around the world work, half of them are in hazardous work.
While addressing the opening of the IV Global Conference on the Sustained Eradication of Child Labour, which started on 14th of November 2017, Guy Ryder Director-General of the International Labour Organization (ILO) said there was need to recognize that progress has been very uneven.
In order to eradicate child labour by 2025 in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Mr. Ryder urged the governments to work together. He warned that the goals cannot be clearer, nor can the uncomfortable reality that if we do not do more and better, we will not achieve them.
According to an ILO report released on 13th November 2017 some 73 Million children, more than half of all work in jobs that directly endanger their health, safety and moral development. It is cited that children between the ages of five and 17 work in agriculture, including farming, fishing, forestry and livestock.
According to ILO report ending child labour by 2025: A review of policies and programmes, the main cause of child Labour in agriculture is poverty together with limited access to quality education, inadequate agricultural technology and access to adult labour, high hazards and risks, and traditional attitudes towards children's participation in agricultural activities
A link between child labour and armed conflicts was noted among other findings in the report. Countries affected by armed conflicts have 77 per cent incidences of child labour higher than the global average, while the incidence of hazardous work is 50 per cent higher, according to the report, which noted the use of Syrian refugee children in the work force throughout the world.
As a way of fighting against child labour, the authors point to the need to boost legal protection and inspections of work places, strengthening social protection and investing in free, quality education.
The conference in Buenos Aires ends on Thursday 16th November 2017.